james i of aragon

Hijo de Pedro II el Católico y de María de Montpellier, era el heredero de dos importantes linajes: la Casa de Aragón y el de los emperadores de Bizancio, por parte de su madre. Constanza de Aragón+ ▼5 d. c 1269 -5. Don Jaime (futuro Jaime II de Mallorca), que heredó el reino de Mallorca, que comprendía las islas Baleares —Mallorca, Menorca (todavía bajo el poder de un soberano musulmán aunque tributaria desde 1231), Ibiza y Formentera—, los condados del Rosellón y la Cerdaña y los territorios que el Conquistador conservaba en Occitania (el señorío de Montpellier, el vizcondado de Carlades, en Auvernia, y la baronía de Omelades, contigua a Montpellier). Notwithstanding his early patronage of poetry, by the influence of his confessor Ramon de Penyafort, James brought the Inquisition into his realm in 1233 to prevent any vernacular translation of the Bible.[11]. As in the case of Navarre, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. Relations with France and Navarre. Douce I, Countess of Provence, |18= 18. In 1263, James presided over a debate in Barcelona between the Jewish rabbi Nahmanides and Pablo Christiani, a prominent converso. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power had not the Aragonese and Catalans appealed to Pope Innocent III, who insisted that Montfort surrender him. The kingdom was given over to confusion until, in 1217, the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. Indeed, he may himself be called "the first of the Catalan prose writers. Sancha of Castile |6= 6. On her death in 1231, James exchanged the Balearic Islands for Urgell with her widower, Peter of Portugal. James endeavoured to form a state straddling the Pyrenees, to counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. Sibylle del Vasto, |26= 26. On 26 March 1244, the two monarchs signed the Treaty of Almizra to determine the zones of their expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between them. Pedro de Ayerve ▼4 -3. Urraca of León and Castile, |22= 22. From 1230 to 1232, James negotiated with Sancho VII of Navarre, who desired his help against his nephew and closest living male relative, Theobald IV of Champagne. James I the Conqueror (Jaume el Conqueridor, Chaime lo Conqueridor, Jacme lo Conquistaire, Jaime el Conquistador; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to … By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. A storm, however, drove him off course and he landed at Aigues-Mortes. James also had several lovers, both during and after his marriages, and a few bore him illegitimate sons. Leonor was nineteen and Jaime was fourteen. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. Father: Peter II of Aragon; Mother: Marie of Montpellier; Partner: Yolanda of Hungary * Child: Isabella of Aragon Born: 1248 ⇒ * Our genealogical research indicates that this person is an ancestor of Janet. His long reign—the longest of any Iberian monarch—saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon in three directions: Languedoc to the north, the Balearic Islands to the southeast, and Valencia to the south. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia. Check it up, it’s worth it. Anulado su primer casamiento por razón de parentesco, contrajo segundo matrimonio con la princesa Violante (8 de septiembre de 1235), hija de Andrés II, rey de Hungría. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona |9= 9. He would probably have been more successful but for the confusion caused by the disputes in his own household. The division inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. [13] Though James was himself a prose writer and sponsored mostly prose works, he had an appreciation of verse. Aragonés: Chaime lo Conqueridor (Montpeller 1208 - Valencia 1276), rei d'Aragón, de Mallorca y de Valencia, Conte de Barcelona … Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. Se casó con Constanza de Moncada. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. He was an important figure in the development of Catalan, sponsoring Catalan literature and writing a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels feyts, and made Catalan the official language on his domains. He was an important figure in the development of Catalan, sponsoring Catalan literature and writing a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. She bore him numerous children: Yolanda, also known as Violant, (1236–1301), married Alfonso X of Castile Constance (1239–1269), married Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena, son of Ferdinand III Peter (1240–1285), successor in Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia James (1243–1311), successor in Balearics and Languedoc Ferdinand (1245–1250) Sancha (1246–1251) Isabella (1247–1271), married Philip III of France Mary (1248–1267), nun Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo (1250–1279) Eleanor (born 1251, died young) James married thirdly Teresa Gil de Vidaure, but only by a private document, and left her when she developed leprosy. As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. Confirmation immédiate. James first married, in 1221, Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. Montpellier, 2 de febrero de 1208 + Alcira, 27 de julio de 1276 fue rey de Aragón (1213-1276), de Valencia (1238-1276) y de Mallorca (1229-1276), conde de Barcelona (1213-1276), conde de Urgel, señor de Montpellier (1219-1276) y de otros feudos en Occitania. Durante su minoría de edad, estuvo bajo la tutela de los caballeros templarios en el castillo de Monzón, habiendo sido encomendado a Guillém de Mont-Rodon, junto con su primo de la misma edad, el Conde de Provenza Ramón Berenguer V. Mientras, actuaba como regente del reino el conde Sancho Raimúndez, hijo de Petronila de Aragón y Ramón Berenguer IV y tío abuelo de Jaime. Coupe-file. As in the case of Navarre, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. Ramiro II of Aragon |19= 19. 1243, d. 1311, Source / Forrás: http://thepeerage.com/p10680.htm#i106799, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_Aragon. [5] In the end, James accepted Theobald's succession. According to the treaty, all lands south of a line from Biar to Villajoyosa through Busot were reserved for Castile. ...onor of Aragon, Maria of Aragon, Peter III of Aragon, Constance of Aragon, Ferdinand of Aragon, Violant of Aragon, James II of Majorca, F... 1207 - Montpellier, Herault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, July 27 1276 - Valencia, Valencia, Pais Valenciano, Spain, King Peter Ii of Aragon, Maria Countess Demontpellier, Leonor of Castile, Yolande Hungary, Elvira Sarroca, Blanca D'Antillón. His father, a man of immoral life, was with difficulty persuaded to cohabit with his wife. Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. The book contains proverbs from various authors going back as far as King Solomon and as close to his own time, such as Albert the Great. William VII of Montpellier |13= 13. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force which had been in Galilee. [8] Pope Clement IV tried to dissuade James from Crusading, regarding his moral character as sub-par, and Alfonso X did the same. In his Will James divided his states between his sons by Yolanda of Hungary: the aforementioned Peter received the Hispanic possessions on the mainland and James, the Kingdom of Majorca (including the Balearic Islands and the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya) and the Lordship of Montpellier. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. ^ Chaytor, pag. She bore him numerous children: Yolanda, also known as Violant, (1236–1301), married Alfonso X of Castile Constance (1239–1269), married Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena, son of Ferdinand III Peter (1240–1285), successor in Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia James (1243–1311), successor in Balearics and Languedoc Ferdinand (1245–1250) Sancha (1246–1251) Isabella (1247–1271), married Philip III of France Mary (1248–1267), nun Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo (1250–1279) Eleanor (born 1251, died young). Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. A History of Aragon and Catalonia. When one of the latter, Fernán Sánchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and treason to his father, was slain by the legitimate son Peter, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power had not the Aragonese and Catalans appealed to Pope Innocent III, who insisted that Montfort surrender him. James signed it on that date, but Alfonso did not affirm it until much later. The Book of Deeds of James I of Aragon. Geni requires JavaScript! In 1235, James remarried to Yolanda, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary by his second wife Yolande de Courtenay. At the age of thirteen he was married to Leonora, daughter of Alphonso VIII. As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. He entrusted the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but was soon forced to take up arms against him, dying at the Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213. 330-332 ^ Chaytor, pag 96. According to the continuator of William of Tyre, he returned via Montpellier por l'amor de sa dame Berenguiere ("for the love his lady Berengaria") and abandoned any further effort at a Crusade. Though James was himself a prose writer and sponsored mostly prose works, he had an appreciation of verse. James I of Aragon - Succession. James compiled the Llibre del Consulat de Mar,] which governed maritime trade and helped establish Aragonese supremacy in the western Mediterranean. He bought Guerau off and allowed Aurembiax to reclaim her territory, which she did at Lleida, probably also becoming one of James' earliest mistresses. "[11] James wrote or dictated at various stages a chronicle of his own life, Llibre dels fets in Catalan, which is the first self-chronicle of a Christian king. [14] [edit] Succession, In his Will James divided his states between his sons by Yolanda of Hungary: the aforementioned Peter received the Hispanic possessions on the mainland and James, the Kingdom of Majorca (including the Balearic Islands and the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya) and the Lordship of Montpellier. En septiembre de 1218 se celebraron por primera vez en Lérida unas Cortes generales de aragoneses y catalanes, en las cuales fue declarado mayor de edad. As with the much earlier Visigothic attempt, this policy was victim to physical, cultural, and political obstacles. The book contains proverbs from various authors going back as far as King Solomon and as close to his own time, such as Albert the Great. à partir de 10 USD. James was a patron of the University of Montpellier, which owed much of its development to his impetus. Doña Sancha, que se hizo monja y murió en Jerusalén. Acquisition of Urgell. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona |17= 17. [2], Contents [hide] 1 Early life and reign until majority 2 Acquisition of Urgell 3 Relations with France and Navarre 4 Reconquista 5 Crusade of 1269 6 Patronage of art, learning, and literature 7 Succession 8 Marriages and children 9 Notes 10 Bibliography 11 Further reading 12 External links, [edit] Early life and reign until majority. A Hebrew translator by the name of Jehuda was employed at James's court during this period. Succession. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. He also founded a studium at Valencia in 1245 and received privileges for it from Pope Innocent IV, but it did not develop as splendidly. The division inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. ...eter III van Aragon, Constance van Aragon, James II van Majorca, Ferdinand van Aragon, Sancha van Aragon, Isabella van Aragon, Maria van ... Feb 2 1208 - Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, July 27 1276 - Alzira, Valencia, Pais Valenciano, Spain. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. [edit] Patronage of art, learning, and literature Aragonese and Valencian Royalty House of Barcelona, Peter III (I of Valencia and Sicily) Children include, Alfonso III (I of Valencia) James II (I of Sicily) Children include, Alfonso IV (II of Valencia) Children include, Peter IV (II of Valencia) Children include, James built and consecrated the Cathedral of Lleida, which was constructed in a style transitional between Romanesque and Gothic with little influence from Moorish styles.[2]. He bought Guerau off and allowed Aurembiax to reclaim her territory, which she did at Lleida, probably also becoming one of James' earliest mistresses. Though he later had the marriage annulled, his one son by her was declared legitimate: Alfonso (1229–1260), married Constance of Montcada, Countess of Bigorre In 1235, James remarried to Yolanda, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary by his second wife Yolande de Courtenay. James, though orthodox and pious, had an ample share of moral laxity. ...edro III "the Great" King of Aragón & Sicily, Constanza Princess of Aragón, Jaime i (II) King of Majorca, Fernando Prince of Aragón, Sanc... ...he Great" King of Sicily & Aragon, Isabella Princess of Aragon, Constance of Aragon, James of Aragon, Ferdinand of Aragon, Sancha of Arag... Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, Spanish: Rey de Aragón Jaime I, «el Conquistador», Catalan: Jaume I «el Conqueridor» d'Aragó, rei d'Aragó, Occitan: Jacme I «lo Conquistaire» d'Aragon, rei d'Aragon, French: Jacques I «le Conquérant» Violant d'Aragón, roi d'Aragon, Lithuanian: Jokūbas I Užkariautojas, Aragonijos karalius, Eleanor of Castile, Queen consort of Aragon, Violante de Hungría, reina consorte de Aragón, Cristina de Noruega, infanta consorte de Castilla, Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla, Constanza de Aragón, señora consorte de Escalona, Pedro, I barón de Ayerbe, infante de Aragón, Fernán Sánchez de Castro, Señor de Castro y Pomar, Jaime I 'Le Conquistador' De Roi D'Aragon, Valence & Majorque Aragón, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b8AfxI1vtO4, Birth of James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon, Birth of Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla. of Castile, whom he divorced later on the ground of consanguinity. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia. ▼2 He married, firstly, Eleanor de Castilla, daughter of Alfonso VIII, Rey de Castilla and Eleanor Plantagenet, in 1221. [edit]Reconquista, After his false start at uniting Aragon with the Kingdom of Navarre through a scheme of mutual adoption, James turned to the south and the Mediterranean Sea, where he conquered the Balearic Islands (Majorca 1229; Minorca 1232; Ibiza 1235) and where Valencia capitulated 28 September 1238. James remarried to Yolanda, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary by his second wife Yolande de Courtenay. During his remaining two decades after Corbeil, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alfonso X of Castile. Nonetheless, James, who was then campaigning in Murcia, made peace with Mohammed I ibn Nasr, the Sultan of Granada, and set about collecting funds for a Crusade. James endeavoured to form a state straddling the Pyrenees, to counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. Trans. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force which had been in Galilee. Aragon Royalty. Patronage of art, learning, and literature, James built and consecrated the Cathedral of Lleida, which was constructed in a style transitional between Romanesque and Gothic with little influence from Moorish styles. Richeza of Poland |12= 12. - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below. ▼2 He and Eleanor de Castilla were divorced in 1229. James was born at Montpellier as the only child of Peter II and Mary, heiress of William VIII of Montpellier and Eudokia Komnene. ▼1 He married, secondly, Yolante Arpád, daughter of Andreas II Arpád, King of Hungary and Yolande de Courtney, on 8 September 1235. Ferran Sanchis (or Fernando Sánchez; 1240–1275), baron of Castro By Berenguela Fernández: Pedro Fernández, baron of Híjar By Elvira Sarroca: Jaume Sarroca (born 1248), Archbishop of Huesca. From 1230 to 1232, James negotiated with Sancho VII of Navarre, who desired his help against his nephew and closest living male relative, Theobald IV of Champagne. [13] In consequence of the Albigensian Crusade, many troubadours were forced to flee southern France and many found refuge in Aragon. London: Methuen, 1933. Cherchez des exemples de traductions James I of Aragon dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. 83. Peter II of Aragon |3= 3. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms.[3]. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms. Doña Isabel (1247-1271), esposa de Felipe III el Atrevido, hijo de San Luis de Francia. Ramón Rionda. A la muerte de su padre, durante la cruzada albigense, en la batalla de Muret (1213), Simón de Montfort se resistió a entregar a Jaime a los aragoneses hasta después de un año de reclamaciones y sólo por mandato del papa Inocencio III. After organising the government for his absence and assembling a fleet at Barcelona in September 1269, he was ready to sail east. I James' bastard sons Pedro Fernández and Fernán Sánchez, who had been given command of part of the fleet, did continue on their way to Acre, where they arrived in December. He died on July 27, 1276 in Valencia, España. [4] She surrendered Lleida to James and agreed to hold Urgell in fief from him. [edit] Patronage of art, learning, and literature, James built and consecrated the Cathedral of Lleida, which was constructed in a style transitional between Romanesque and Gothic with little influence from Moorish styles.[8]. He bought Guerau off and allowed Aurembiax to reclaim her territory, which she did at Lleida, probably also becoming one of James's earliest mistresses. James also wrote the Libre de la Saviesa or "Book of Wisdom". His father, a man of immoral life, was with difficulty persuaded to cohabit with his wife. He endeavoured to form a southern state on both sides of the Pyrenees, which should counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. James' sons, initially eager for a fight, changed their minds after this spectacle and returned home via Sicily, where Fernán Sánchez was knighted by Charles of Anjou. This page was last modified 29-SEP-18 The "khan of Tartary" (actually the Ilkhan) Abaqa corresponded with James in early 1267, inviting him to join forces with the Mongols and go on Crusade. James intervened on behalf of Aurembiax, whom he owed protection. Marie of Montpellier, |4= 4. Child of Jaime I, Rey de Aragón and Eleanor de Castilla -1. Estas circunstancias produjeron el rechazo de Pedro II hacia el pequeño Jaime, a quien no conoció sino a los dos años de su nacimiento. Father of Alfonso de Aragón; Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla; Constanza de Aragón, señora consorte de Escalona; Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón; Jaume II, rei de Mallorca and 12 others; Fernando, infant de Aragón; Sancha, infanta de Aragón; María de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Isabel Capet, queen consort of France; Sancho de Aragón, arzobispo de Toledo; Leonor de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Jaume I d'Aragó, baró de Xèrica; Pedro, I barón de Ayerbe, infante de Aragón; Fernán Sánchez de Castro, Señor de Castro y Pomar; Pedro Fernández, barón de Híjar; Jaime Sarroca, obispo de Huesca and Pedro del Rey, obispo de Lérida « less James and Sancho negotiated a treaty whereby James would inherit Navarre on the old Sancho's death, but when this did occur, the Navarrese nobless instead elevated Theobald to the throne (1234), and James disputed it.

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